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Michael D. Sheets, Ph.D.

Photo of Michael Sheets

TitleAssociate Professor
DepartmentDepartment of Biomolecular Chemistry
InstitutionUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison
Address5260B Biochemical Sciences Building
 440 Henry Mall
City, State, ZipMadison, WI 53706-1532
Phone(608) 262-9452
E-Mailwisc.edu
Websitewww.bmolchem.wisc.edu/faculty/sheets.html
Research FieldDevelopmental Biology
Award Year1998

Research

The Xenopus xCR1 protein is a receptor of the nodal signaling pathway, and vertebrate development requires the precise activation of this pathway at a specific time and place during embryogenesis. This requirement is met by restricting the accumulation of xCR1 protein to the animal cells within the developing embryo through the regulated translation of the maternal xCR1 mRNA (Zhang and Sheets, 2009). The maternal xCR1 mRNA is translated in animal cells while the xCR1 mRNA in vegetal cells is translationally repressed. The functional unit of mRNA translation is the mRNP that consists of the relevant mRNA regulatory sequences associated with specific RNA binding proteins. We have defined the mRNP that mediates repression in vegetal cells as consisting of the xCR1 mRNAís 3í UTR associated with the Pumilio and CUG-BP1 proteins (Zhang and Sheets, 2009). We are currently focused on understanding the mechanisms by which the xCR1 mRNP represses translation in one cell type but not the other. These mechanisms are key to understanding not only the spatially regulated translation of the xCR1 mRNA, but how such translational events control the earliest cell fate decisions made during vertebrate development.

Keywords


1998 Scholars


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